Periodontal diseases are gum infections that gradually damage the support of your teeth. They usually begin when plaque starts to build up inside your mouth, leading to invisible bacterial growth. If the problem is not prevented timely, the damage can become permanent.
There are two types of periodontal diseases- periodontitis and gingivitis.
This is the first stage of periodontal disease that can be caused by a variety of factors such as, tobacco use, poor brushing habits, family history of bad oral health, diabetes, and the like. Some signs of gingivitis are tender or swollen gums and prolonged bad breath.
If gingivitis is not treated on time, it can further develop into mucositis or peri-implantitis. When the disease reaches this stage, the bacterial infection starts to attack your bone and gums, causing them to deteriorate. You will start to notice spaces between your gums and teeth. It is important to treat such conditions as early as possible to avoid further damage. An all-inclusive oral exam can help in detecting this problem early on.